The Trans–Mongolian Railway follows an ancient tea-caravan route from China to Russia and connects Ulan-Ude, on the Trans–Baikal (Trans–Siberian) railway in Russia, with the Chinese city of Jining, by way of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.[1]. Train 003 / 004 Trans-Mongolian Railway . Passenger numbers had already reached the old levels again by 2001, with 4.1 million passengers. You will travel 4,735 miles or 7,621 km from Moscow to Beijing. where you can catch a glimpse of the Great Wall in distance which is followed by a stop in Erlian, China where the train crosses the Chinese – Mongolian border. Is this site from the official Mongolian railways? [2] The national operator is UBTZ (Ulaanbataar Railway, Mongolian: Улаанбаатар төмөр зам), traditionally also known as Mongolian Railway (MTZ, Mongolian: Монголын төмөр зам). Mongolia’s parliament adopted for the first time a rail gauge compatible with China, to ease transport of its second-biggest export, coal, to its largest customer. [1] The Mongolian rail system employs 12,500 people. It is 51% owned by Mongolian shareholders Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi, Energy Resources and Tavan Tolgoi, and 49% owned by China Shenhua Energy, a listed company and China’s largest coal miner. Ancient Capital of Mongolia. The line was built between 1949 and 1961. In October 2014, the Mongolian government announced its intention to build large-scale transport infrastructure projects to boost mineral shipments from Russia to China via the Trans Mongolian Railway. First phase of the construction will be a Dalanzadgad–Tavantolgoi–Tsagaansuvarga–Zuunbayan–Sainshand–Baruun Urt–Khoot–Choibalsan alignment about 1100 km long in Russian gauge.[5]. There are several spur lines: to the copper combine in Erdenet, to coal mines in Sharyngol, Nalaikh and Baganuur, to the fluorspar mine in Bor-Öndör and to the former Soviet military base in Züünbayan. New railway line China-Mongolia. As of spring 2012, MTZ SOSC began the construction work. [13], Freight and passenger turnover in tons*km and passenger*km, respectively. [2], Russian Irkutsk State University of Railway Engineering opened its Ulaanbaatar branch in June 2009.[3]. According to official statistics, rail transport carried 93% of Mongolian freight and 43% of passenger turnover in 2007. The Trans-Mongolian Railway follows an ancient tea-caravan route from China to Russia and connects Ulan-Ude, on the Trans-Baikal (Trans-Siberian) railway in Russia, with the Chinese city of Jining, by way of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia. Next: What to pack. There are several spur lines: to the copper combine in Erdenet, to coal mines in Sharyngol, Nalaikh and Baganuur, to the fluorspar mine in You can start your trip at any of these points, and immerse yourself in three completely different cultures. Trans-Mongolian Route Description. The Trans-Mongolian Railway runs through Mongolia on 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 ⁄32 in) Russian gauge track, changing to standard gauge track after entering China. Transfers & Car hire with driver. Other articles where Trans-Mongolian Railway is discussed: Mongolia: Transportation and telecommunications: …important transportation artery is the Trans-Mongolian Railway (officially, the Ulaanbaatar Railway), which runs north-south through the central part of the country. The Mongolian Railway company Mongolyn Tumur Zam carries 80% of all freight and 30% of all passenger transport within Mongolia. The Trans-Mongolian Railway connects the Trans-Siberian Railway from Ulan Ude in Russia to Erenhot and Beijing in China through the capital Ulaanbaatar. The Trans-Mongolia Railway follows the Trans-Siberian Railway up to Ulan Ude (Mongolia) and then continues along the ancient tea route that connected China with Russia. Mongolian national railway operator Ulaanbaatar Tömör Zam (Ulaanbaatar Railway JVC) carries 80% of all freight and 30% of all passenger transport within Mongolia. TOP STATIONS In Trans Mongolian trains, there are three main station; Ulaanbaatar Train Station, Beijing Main Station and Yaroslovsky Train Station and other 24 mainly train stations. Many people have heard about the Trans Mongolian Railway and although it appeals to many travelers, there are still so many questions and myths surrounding this epic train journey across the continent. [1] A Trans–Mongolian train passing through the Gobi Desert, Wheels rolling below an elevated carriage during the wheel changing from Mongolian to Chinese gauge, Changing the wheels from Mongolian to Chinese gauge at the border, Planned students number is 50, and in main University of Railway Engineering in, Irkutsk State University of Railway Engineering, "Mongolia gives green light for new line to Russia", Mongolian Railway company - official site, Mongolian Incoming Railway Tour Operator since 1997!- official site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trans–Mongolian_Railway&oldid=992155041, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 20:07. "In addition this new railway will bring major economic and social benefits to Northern Mongolian provinces as economic development and regional integration is fast-tracked" said the managing director of Aspire Mining, the company in charge of the railway construction. It is has a gauge of 1520mm (4 ft 11 5⁄6 in) as does Russia. Home: Trans-Siberian Guide China uses the slightly smaller 1,435 millimetre standard gauge, 85 millimeters narrower than the rail gauge used in Mongolia. Most common locomotives are M62 variants, including five rebuilt 2Zagal (two white horses) double engines. Mongolian cars are often decked out in elaborate carvings and offer variations on the country’s three main dishes: noodles, goat, and mutton. In April 2014 Gashuun Sukhait Railway Company was formed to build an 18-km, narrow-gauge line running from Gants Mod in China to Gashuun Sukhait. The Trans-Mongolian train and Chinese route leaves the main Trans-Siberian train route at Zaudinskiy, 8 km from Ulan-Ude. Whilst taking the Trans-Mongolian railway from Moscow, on our way to Beijing, the train bogies needed to be changed after crossing into China from Mongolia due to the narrower rail gauge. Definition: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The Trans-Mongolian railway runs from Sukhbaatar on the border with Russia, through Ulaanbaatar to Zamyn-Uud on the border with China. email info@viewmongolia.com phone +976 70117770 One smaller line already attaches to the Chinese network in western Mongolia from Nariin Sukhait (coal mine) to Shiveekhüren (Chinese border) for 45km. In most of Mongolia, it is single track, and in China double track. [7], As Mongolia's railroads are not electrified, UBTZ relies entirely on Diesel traction. This can be a source of confusion, since MTZ is a distinct company established in 2008. Published on 30-03-2018 at 08:30. A 547km line will be constructed from Erdenet to Ovoot. Mongolian railways transported 20.5 million tons of freight in 2013, which is close to the system's full capacity. In rail transport, track gauge or track gage is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.. All vehicles on a rail network must have running gear that is compatible with the track gauge, and in the earliest days of railways the selection of a proposed railway's gauge was a key issue. Trans Mongolian railway train timetable, Ulaanbaatar-Beijing, China and Ulaanbaatar-Moscow, Irkutsk, Ulan Ude, Russia train booking and schedule. [4], Mongolian Railway State Owned Share Holding Company has received a license to build a new railway network to allow for exports of the mining sector in 2011. There are important branches leading to Erdenet and Baganuur. For this reason through carriages between the two countries must have their bogies changed at the border. Before that the only railways in Mongolia had been a 43 km (27 mi) line (opened in 1938) connecting the coal mines at Nalaikh to the capital and a Soviet-built 236 km (147 mi) freight-only branch (completed in 1939) from Borzya on the Trans-Siberian Railway to Bayantümen, Dornod near Choibalsan in north-eastern Mongolia. gauge 1520 mm Carrying capacity 25 mill. Railway development came late to Mongolia. 260 km in Chinese standard gauge. It consists of 1,110 km of single track line. 1. Railways with a railway track gauge of 5 ft (1,524 mm) first appeared in the United Kingdom and the United States.This gauge became commonly known as Russian gauge because the government of the Russian Empire later chose it in 1843 - former areas of the Empire have inherited this standard. In the 1960s Soviet Railways re-defined the gauge as 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27 ⁄ 32 in). Each carriage has to be lifted in turn to have its bogies changed and the whole operation, combined with passport and customs control, can take several hours. Freight wagons likewise have their bogies exchanged at this break-of-gauge. The Mongolian section of this line runs for 1,110 kilometres (690 mi). Further lines planned are Ukhaa Khudag (part of the Tavan Tolgoi coal field) - Oyu Tolgoi (copper/gold mine) - Gashuun Sukhait (Chinese border) of ca. [3] The Mongolian Railway College is located in Ulaanbaatar.[4]. [5] This line used to have a spur line to the uranium mine at Mardai, however this spur line was torn up and sold in the late 1990s/ early 2000s. 2007 Statistical Yearbook of Mongolia, p. 252, Lonely Planet Mongolia: Choibalsan transport, The Mongolian-Russian-Chinese Northern Railway Corridor, "Mongolia Embraces China With Compatible Rail to Cut Costs", "Railway Gazette: Ulaanbaatar Railway orders Transmash locomotives", Official site Railway Authority of Mongolia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rail_transport_in_Mongolia&oldid=1000574327, Articles containing Mongolian-language text, Articles with Mongolian-language sources (mn), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 18:22. Customs and Immigration checks happen here as does something more unusual; this is where the bogies of the train are changed as the Chinese railway network has a different track gauge than the Mongolian / Russian railways. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual.Other gauges are listed under note.Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Most trains are headed by at least two locomotives. Mongolian railway KJD KZK Coal 0,011 0,014 0,031 0,038 Petroleum 0,038 0,027 0,033 0,043 Container 0,015 0,031 0,039 0,028 ... and transit railway • Gauge difference – 1520 and 1435mm • Cost of tariffs • Length of documentation • Railway transit period for passing through Mongolia Rail transport in Mongolia Last updated September 26, 2019 Traders in Zamyn-Üüd station, Dornogovi aimag. For domestic transport, daily trains run from Ulaanbaatar to Darkhan, Sukhbaatar, and Erdenet, as well as Zamyn-Üüd, Choir and Sainshand. Note that the bogies also need to be changed at the Russian-Chinese border if you take the Trans-Manchurian railway route. Some travelers choose to combine train and air travel when visiting Mongolia, for example arriving by train from Moscow or Beijing and then returning by air. The Mongolian section of this line runs for 1,110 kilometres (690 mi). [12] In October 2010, Ulaanbaatar Railway ordered 35 2TE116UM diesel freight locomotives from Transmash. Rail transport in Mongolia is an important means of travel in the landlocked country of Mongolia, which has relatively few paved roads.According to official statistics, rail transport carried 93% of Mongolian freight and 43% of passenger turnover in 2007. The Trans-Mongolian Railway connects the Trans-Siberian Railway from Ulan Ude in Russia to Erenhot and Beijing in China through the capital Ulaanbaatar. The world’s most famous railway route runs between Moscow - Ulaanbaatar - Beijing. Rail transport in Mongolia is an important means of travel in the landlocked country of Mongolia, which has relatively few paved roads. While state owned, there are plans to sell 51% of the shares to investors to finance the enlarged network. Construction of the Trans-Mongolian line began in 1947, reaching Ulan Bator from the north in 1950 and the Chinese border in 1955. Out to National Parks. The Mongolian Railway (MongolRail) is slated to cover 7,588 kilometres (4,715 mi) by year 2025. A separate railway line exists in the east of the country between Choibalsan and the Trans-Siberian at Borzya; however, that line is closed to passengers beyond the Mongolian town of Chuluunkhoroot. For this reason through carriages … [2] The Trans-Mongolian Railway runs through Mongolia on 1,520 mm (4 ft 11.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 27⁄32 in) Russian gauge track, changing to standard gauge track after entering China. Journey to Enigmatic Gobi. Anyone fluently can check if mongolian … “Mongolian Railway” SOSC has been operating main activities including “New Railway” project, Rolling stock leasing, Zamyn-Uud transloading facilities and “Tianjin transport and … [6] Other important stops are Sükhbaatar, Darkhan, Choir, and Zamyn-Üüd/Erenhot (border crossing and gauge-changing station). Railway Mongolia provides professionally guided adventure tours in Mongolia vast wilderness. Matthew Woodward is a rail adventurer, and the author a number of books about travelling from Europe to Asia along the Trans-Siberian railway. While Mongolian trains run on 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) (Russian gauge) track, China uses 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge). Custom trips. His books are available now in paperback and Kindle formats from Amazon. Mongolia uses the 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) (Russian gauge) with a total system length of 2,810 kilometres (1,750 mi). However, you are required to leave the train at this border and so cannot witness the procedure unfortunately. With a length of 9,289 kilometres (5,772 miles) from Moscow to Vladivostok, it is the third-longest railway-line in the world. [11] Other engines include TEM2 and TE116 variants, Dash-7 and one Evolution locomotive on lease from GE. The distance between Ulan-Ude and the Russian-Mongolian border is 250 km. The gauge is 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) in Russia and Mongolia and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) in China.