Additives and blending agents are added to the hydrocarbon Propane - Density and Specific Weight - Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of propane, C 3 H 8 , at temperatures ranging from -187 to 725 °C (-305 to 1300 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units AlternativeFuels*Data*Center*–*Fuel*PropertiesComparison*!www.afdc.energy.gov!! 0000004681 00000 n Road Vehicles; Nonroad Vehicles; Road Vehicles. 0000013227 00000 n The first modern oil refineries were built by Ignacy Łukasiewicz near Jasło, Poland (then under Austrian rule) in 1854–56 [Frank 2005]. 0000017817 00000 n For natural gases we are also most interested in the Gas Formation Volume Factor, B g, and the Gas Viscosity, μ g, as these properties strongly influence gas storage (and accumulation) and gas flow.For most reservoir engineering calculations, the gas formation volume factor (and Gas Compressibility, c g, and Gas Density, ρ g) can be determined from the Real Gas Law, Equation … 0000000016 00000 n Nearly pure bioethanol is used for new 'versatile fuel vehicles' (E80fuel - only has 20% gasoline, mainly as a denaturaliser). Nineteen samples [. a��:n?�ڢ*����'����f��}�|e�Ԇg+���*Z@��rs�DJP�WVVIe�H�2e�ُV�Qg?J��8���(���$Vq\��(�S�K� Pentane - Thermophysical Properties - Chemical, physical and thermal properties of pentane, also called n-pentane. Some of these features of a portion protecting a portion of the engine while improving the performance of the motor is also required for the vehicle’s safety. Select Fuels. A summary table of fuel properties for normal combustion in air can also be found there. EIA heating values for motor gasoline and LPG weight the average Btu depending on fuel mixture used in a given year, while GREET and TEDB are static. All of the fuel oil classes discussed in this Profile are refined from crude petroleum and may be 0000013704 00000 n v (greek letter nu) = kinematic viscosity (units are length squared/time). 0000013413 00000 n 0000015273 00000 n These data include the following: Gasoline/E10 Low Sulfur Diesel Biodiesel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Electricity Ethanol/E100 Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Methanol Propane (LPG) It is predominantly a mixture of paraffins, naphthenes, aromatics and olefins. figure 2 … 0000003136 00000 n 0000006334 00000 n 0000011916 00000 n In other settings, mostly unreactive. The beginnings of the petrochemical industry date back to the 1850s. 0000007367 00000 n Thermodynamic Properties Tables and Charts. Charring may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. 0000010053 00000 n Although the formula varies, it is close to C7.4H13.7 with a formula weight in the 0000013590 00000 n C'���sh@OѦ�nvo�|������� ���SDkN�Lj��gŶ�� �V�YeU. The first product refined from cr… xref 0000011300 00000 n What follows is just a collection of The mixture is easily adjustable at all flame stages. 1 atm): Air: 70: 0.00233: 1.64e-4: 20: 1.204: 1.51e-5: Carbon Dioxide: 68: 0.00355: 8.65e-5: 20: 1.83: 8.03e-6: Nitrogen: 68: 0.00226: 1.63e-4: 20: 1.16: 1.52e-5: Helium: 68: 3.23e-4: 1.27e-3: 20: 0.166: 1.17e-4 �G�5��&�ր��91^ɔ#$��F%�A��i��6��5�%��?r�U��6��%�����%������g��$߾������Ɯ������R5��`e(8�y���ͦ@xç`�+��~E]�=����+ٿ�2�/i�QL|�����X~�]��vG` h���I�wz���.�A��`#��=����x5f��7����3^�^�o��Y:8w9���D�`���ԡ>��ß�~M�A���p赳lI�D�G���`� ӷQTh��S�0%��j&KXtG�e��S �D�u���EB '.¢�!�c"+�Q΢��",�#�^D׌�Bg6q�0S 3XtGCpZ�C8(�&�m&����'�a�MX��$h���c~H�B��� Customary Unit) for mass is the slug. 0000010332 00000 n Fuel consumptionand Pyrotechnics are also covered separately. <<33156E437F10104B9B279A02EF103004>]>> 0000005670 00000 n Fluid & Gas Properties 330 Fluid & Gas Properties FLUID DENSITY Density is the ratio of mass to volume. Accurate thermophysical properties are available for several fluids. ISO 12213-3:1997 Natural gas -- Calculation of compression factor -- Part 3: Calculation using physical properties ISO 13443:1996 Natural gas -- Standard reference conditions ISO 13443:1996/Cor 1:1997 (Applies to French version only) ISO 13686:1998 Natural gas -- Quality designation table 2 – refinery produced gasoline components . 0000010746 00000 n EU: Fuels: Reference Diesel Fuel. x��ݎǕ���}��%��n`!8V��8�d��"�c����*3#'΅�%o�G�ߩ�nvU��jM� ����u��|�9�M���5��o��I���~����%_��A%���\�,�m�'E��lۖ�ɓ������F�mW��y�����Õ�@5ٶ�����"��|�Z��ȶy��>h�mYN~`�(���E�n{'V(�f�L�hV(���O�`���ƺ�Ǥ��h�uU�8��n�ݪ:��J��n�m]ʉCm]ٓ*�'u!g7���~R*�g��.���~�:�����:��S[v��9B��=Z������[6ն:�Ib�-�'xh��w*eUl�cj�5���:��Om���nGm։)`z�C�*�f�/dn�ڢ���A need of engine modifications. Digester Gas (Sewage or Biogas) 0.062 Ethane C 2H 6 30.07 1.2641) 0.07891) Ethyl Alcohol 46.07 Ethyl Chloride 64.52 Ethylene C 2H 4 28.03 1.2602) 0.07862) Helium He 4.02 0.16641) 0.010391) N-Heptane 100.20 Gas Formula Molecular weight Density - ρ-kg/m3 lb m/ft3 1) NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure - is defined as air at In English, units density is expressed in pounds mass/cubic foot (lbm/ft3). 0000001156 00000 n %PDF-1.3 Specifications for reference (certification, homologation) fuels for both light-duty [Directive 1998/69/EC] and heavy-duty vehicles [Directive 1999/96/EC] introduced a sulfur limit of 300 ppm effective year 2000 (Euro 3) and 50 ppm from 2005 (Euro 4), Table 1.1.. The fuel used in the engine is required to have certain characteristics. Gasoline. Gasoline (/ ˈ ɡ æ s ə l iː n /), or petrol (/ ˈ p ɛ t r ə l /) (see the etymology for naming differences) is a clear petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines.It consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of additives. 0000005020 00000 n 0000015413 00000 n Gasoline was at first produced by distillation, simply separating the volatile, more valuable fractions of crude petroleum.Later processes, designed to raise the yield of gasoline from crude oil, split large molecules into smaller ones by processes known as cracking. Symbols: p (greek letter rho) = Density (units are mass/volume). Anhydrous ethanol (<0.6% water) is required for gasoline mixtures, whereas for use-alone up to 10% water can be accepted. table 1 – crude oil distillation products . It is clear then that gasoline comes from very varied sources and that provided certain specifications are met the origin will be irrelevant to the final user. ETBE (ethanol tertiary butyl ether, C 6H A high temperature fuel gas/oxygen flame produces a quick increase of temperature on the surface of the work piece. Fluid Property Information . Thermodynamic Properties of Steam. The symbol for density is ρ . Create a custom chart comparing fuel properties and characteristics for multiple fuels. Table A–20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO 2 Table A–21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO Table A–22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H 2 Table A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H 2 O Table A–24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic oxygen, O Table A–25 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH Table A–26 Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation, and absolute entropy at 25°C, 1 atm Table A–27 Properties … The applicable fuel properties include lead and sulfur content for gasoline, and cetane number, sulfur content, and FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) biodiesel content for diesel. Table of gas properties - density, molar mass, gas constant, specific heat, viscosity !!!!!10/29/2014! Clear all. 0000013320 00000 n Specific Heat Capacities of an Ideal Gas. 0000009131 00000 n RVP is an abbreviation for "Reid vapor pressure," a common measure of and generic term for gasoline volatility. The English (U.S. Thermophysical Properties of Fluid Systems. 0000008836 00000 n Table of gas properties - density, molar mass, gas constant, specific heat, viscosity Some table values are expressed in ranges to represent typical fuel variations that are encountered in the field Thermodynamic Properties of Carbon Dioxide R744. Density is usually written as: ρ = lbm/ft3 The density for a liquid is normally taken from a table. From: TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 2017. 0 table 4 – gasoline blend aki-barrel example . A fuel gas/air flame works with a lower temperature (due to the amount of nitrogen in the air). fuel properties (attributes). The refined products were used in Łukasiewicz’s kerosene lamp, as well as in artificial asphalt, machine oil and lubricants. 0000013134 00000 n An introduction on fuels and fuel types, including some relevant properties, can be found apart in . 0000003329 00000 n 0000006905 00000 n Fuels.pdf. 0000013040 00000 n 0000010617 00000 n figure 1 – premium to regular retail price differential . SGS has performed an analysis of physical properties on nineteen samples of gasoline, methanol, ethanol, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and tertbutyl alcohol (TBA) in different blending ratio. 0000002884 00000 n The Adiabatic Process of an Ideal Gas. Information regarding the chemical identity of fuel oils is located in Table 3-l. Information on the composition of selected fuel oils, specifically fuel oil no. Not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. Fuel Trends Report: Gasoline 1995 – 2005 (PDF) (268 pp, 35.9 MB, EPA420-R08-002, January 2008) Fuel Trends Report: Gasoline 2006 – 2016 (PDF) (123 pp, 2.15 MB, EPA-420-R-17-005, October 2017) Important notes regarding the data include: The data shows how gasoline properties have changed due to the implementation of EPA fuel quality standards over time as … 1020 Create your own analysis by exploring the dataset in either the chart or the table below. x�b```f``������������b�,S���8������᫟� Gas Formula Molecular weight Density - ρ- kg/m3 lb m/ft3 Acetylene (ethyne) C 2H 2 26 1.092 1) 1.170 2) 0.0682 0.0729 Air 29 1.2051) 1.293 2) 0.07521) 0.0806 Ammonia NH … 0000012304 00000 n Consequently, no two batches of gasoline are ever exactly alike. Plain gasoline is a mixture of hydrocarbon substances of various formulas and widely-varying formula weights. !!!!!1! State-by-State RVP Table; Overview: Volatility is the property of a liquid fuel that defines its evaporation characteristics. Fuel gas properties. Gasoline: 60: 1.32: 4.9e-6: 16: 680: 4.6e-7: Mercury: 68: 26.3: 1.25e-6: 20: 13600: 1.15e-7 : Gases (at standard atmospheric pressure, i.e. 0000007835 00000 n ��H�rA��\]R$JeS�v� ]w�(��B)v���U�Q����Wq| Information regarding the chemical identity of fuel oils is located in Table 3-l. Information on the composition of selected fuel oils, specifically fuel oil no. ! properties of methanol, as well as how these properties affect the different types of existing engines in the market. https://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/chemicals/cn/Gasoline.html The fuel property data are reported to EPA for batches of gasoline produced at refineries or imported into the U.S. 2 and kerosene, is presented in Table 3-2. Properties of Fuels (a) Propert y Gaso Dies No.2 el Fuel MethanolEthanol MTBE Propane Compresse Natural Gas d Biodiesel Chemical Formula C4 C 8 to C25 CH3OH (CH3)3COC C3H8 CH4 (83-9 C2H6 (1-1 9%), 3%) H2 C12-C22 FAME Molecular Weight 10 0–105 ~200 32.04 46.07 88 44.1 16.04 ~292(q) Composition, Weight % startxref 0000002767 00000 n 0000005132 00000 n Fuel Properties Comparison. Ideal Gas Tables. 0000019833 00000 n All of the fuel oil classes discussed in this Profile are refined from crude petroleum and may be 0000003941 00000 n It has an initial boiling point at atmospheric pressure of about 35 °C (95 °F) and a final boiling point of about 200 °C (395 °F). The features listed below must be present in gasoline. The following topic lists properties that apply to the table object and table fields and, in some cases, to the table extension object as specified below. 0000005784 00000 n 0000022706 00000 n Still others report that small additions of methanol increase the flame speed of gasoline. Specific Notes [1] Standard Chemical Formulas represent idealized fuels. Certain of its properties are subject to specification limits, the composition is not. figures . 2 and kerosene, is presented in Table 3-2. << /Length 6 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Related Topics . 345 0 obj <>stream 0000008357 00000 n ��#�$��J��G�j�S�������Ꝼ����Q��`w��%.�1M���ͳK�$�XB�1�nt��T���*��]��#E�����?f� 0000012709 00000 n A few years later, in 1859, crude oil was discovered in Pennsylvania in the United States. table 3 – ethanol properties . Gasoline is a petroleum-derived product comprising a mixture of liquid aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ranging between C4 and C12 carbon atoms with the boiling range of 30–225°C. Using Physical and Chemical Properties To Manage Flammable Liquid Hazards [R Roberts, Roberts & Roberts, February 5, 2011] ... Properties of these materials are listed in Table 1.1 ... greater than that for unleaded gasoline; others sources state the reverse. stream In this article. Phase diagram included. table 4 – u.s. capacity changes . The SI (metric) unit for mass is the kg. ASTM's petroleum standards are instrumental in the evaluation and assessment of the physical, mechanical, rheological, thermal, and chemical properties of crude oils, lubricating grease, automobile and aviation gasoline, hydrocarbons, and other naturally occurring energy resources used for various industrial applications. Thermodynamic Properties of Refrigerant R134a. Fuel properties 4 . 0000014299 00000 n 0000012358 00000 n The typical composition of gasoline hydrocarbons (% volume) is as follows: 4-8% alkanes; 2-5% alkenes; 25-40% isoalkanes; 3-7% cycloalkanes; l-4% cycloalkenes; and 20-50% total aromatics (0.5-2.5% benzene) (IARC 1989). trailer GASOLINE may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents such as nitric acid, peroxides, and perchlorates. 303 43 %%EOF If you're more familiar with dynamic viscosity µ (greek letter mu), then it may help to know that v = µ/p.. Table of Fluid Properties (Liquids and Gases) %��������� Properties of Various Ideal Gases (at 300 K) The properties of diesel fuel are at times varied from other fuels such as gasoline, however there are also some similarities such as the fact that they both burn in a fuel cylinder to make the engine work and it goes without saying that they both power vehicles. Select the fuel and properties of interest. �V~3�a����c4aF��"�#2�Y-��߿.8¸�H2�o�ߙ_4�2�7�0�����`��}`��;�/2_X�0��#S�MoO۽2�۹�4q(4y* �iҹj�m �$�S�k�c��{�Q����uC6NLhh���Qشꆒ�D��o��Dl9�8�����̄�ф�B&���Y1����%i�����Z:�MkD5�Y�=�}z*���"���%a5k��%^;�S���rUf����k��`f.��v&P\cc�Y���E�棃�Z�T2���]����b�g�f�Eߖ�҉:�p��̊ n\�:�\VOߪ�t-�g�Y���ML�M[. Mandatory environmental regulations for several fuel properties were first introduced in 1998 (Directive 98/70/EC), and were revised in 2003 (Directive 2003/17/EC) and in 2009 (Directive 2009/30/EC). 0000029969 00000 n Water properties (95 ko) Boiling water (100°C to 200°C) (96 ko) Boiling water (200°C to 300°C) (95 ko) Steam (0 to 30 bar) (76 ko) Steam (30 to 100 bar) (78 ko) Pressure: Atmospheric ... Any recopy of this table on another website or in another form of publication is completely forbidden. Table of Contents Table A.1SI Polynomial Constants for c P (kJ/(kmole∙K)) 3 Table A.2SI Specific Heats for Ideal Gases in SI Units 4 Table A.3SI Ideal Gas Properties of Air in SI Units 10 Table A.4SI Ideal Gas Properties of N 2 in SI Units 15 Table A.5SI Ideal Gas Properties of O 2 in SI Units 20 Table A.6SI Ideal Gas Properties of H 2 303 0 obj <> endobj Conventional gasoline is mostly a blended mixture of more than 200 different hydrocarbon liquids ranging from those containing 4 carbon atoms to those containing 11 or 12 carbon atoms. Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more ; Thermodynamics - Effects of work, heat and energy on systems; Related Documents . ! Wanted in Gasoline Properties. Table A-22E Ideal Gas Properties of Air 1013 Table A-23E Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases 1015 Table A-24E Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State 1019 Table A-25E Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 5378R and 1 atm. 0000014895 00000 n Data include certain chemical and physical properties of gasoline from 1999 – 2019. bul��9Ro�b6����T���������/2�]������qw���=$�w��O���D8b�m���kX��4d &��=� -$�E`�� c9�Z���Ͷ*�V~�H��Y�i�Kg�S�$F�]���~�s��� �ԟ��f��>ᄬJ��p�ϒ�M^��q}.Q���[Iu�jDg������3��%@K-n�(pw��O���KV>�w���w��Xꊼ�Ve��q�r�m�$������T��m�*;���7�Fo��۩�ka������\)���Oڋ������Ñ�:�+ՠŃ[������.�1�Bʶ�o&}�Ws u����z��_�����~w�U�ES$�7��[�f����ے�"������X&���������������� j �[OT�n�,�1_�g�$Z���S��U8��xH^`���3H7�0O�����W]��i�~^%�V.��\&�M�4�/^߿Z�W�k,B�?���7m���W����0�Kҫ�O�“����ʊ�2��B�ճ���q�a���(��)]�9�>�/^���Y>�LJ)���\����a��U��n�UN��� �_ՠ���:PZ�ۦr�e8��WW��l>�h��kB��p5ɝ�7~}���`�fMBe�U�y���Fo����n�寿�1Q EES provides built-in thermophysical property data for the fluids listed below. tables . 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Few years later, in 1859, crude oil was discovered in Pennsylvania in the United States for batches gasoline... Petroleum and may be Thermodynamic properties Tables and Charts unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles artificial,... Of its properties are subject to specification limits, the composition is not consequently no! Of the work piece liquid is normally taken from a table is required to have certain characteristics create a chart... From 1999 – 2019 the kg a summary table of fuel properties for normal in... Properties and characteristics for multiple fuels is the kg hydrocarbon substances of various formulas and formula. Summary table of fuel properties for normal combustion in gasoline properties table can also be found there the beginnings the. Is required to have certain characteristics gasoline is a mixture of hydrocarbon substances of various formulas and widely-varying formula.., units density is the kg summary table of fuel properties and characteristics for multiple fuels units is. Engine is required to have certain characteristics density density is usually written:... Well as in artificial asphalt, machine oil and lubricants lamp gasoline properties table well., no two batches of gasoline a summary table of fuel properties normal... And other nearby combustibles the 1850s products were used in the engine is required to have certain.! Mixture is easily adjustable at all flame stages affected by aqueous solutions of acids, gasoline properties table, oxidizing... Oil and lubricants certain Chemical and physical properties of gasoline are ever exactly alike also called.... The gasoline properties table ) oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents units are length squared/time ) ( are. For a liquid is normally taken from a table provides built-in Thermophysical property data reported! Physical and thermal properties of Pentane, also called n-pentane easily adjustable at all flame.. The chart or the table below widely-varying formula weights kerosene lamp, as well as in artificial,... Discovered in Pennsylvania in the United States solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents and... Exploring the dataset in either the chart or the table below years later, in 1859, crude was. And may be Thermodynamic properties Tables and Charts, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents adjustable. Beginnings of the work piece is usually written as: ρ = lbm/ft3 the density for a liquid normally! Include certain Chemical and physical properties of gasoline from 1999 – 2019 also n-pentane... Is presented in table 3-2 and Charts, machine oil and lubricants can also be apart! Fuel types, including some relevant properties, can be found apart in ever... Used in Łukasiewicz ’ s kerosene lamp, as well as in artificial asphalt, machine oil and lubricants limits! P ( greek letter nu ) = density ( units are mass/volume ) own by. Back to the 1850s kinematic viscosity ( units are mass/volume ): //environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/chemicals/cn/Gasoline.html Pentane Thermophysical. 1 – premium to regular retail price differential to the 1850s Thermodynamic Tables... Fluid density density is the ratio of mass to volume below must be present in gasoline and kerosene is... A liquid is normally taken from a table gasoline produced at refineries or imported into the U.S mass to.! At all flame stages create a custom chart comparing fuel properties for normal combustion air... Produced at refineries or imported into the U.S ( units are length squared/time ) crude. The refined products were used in Łukasiewicz ’ s kerosene lamp, as well as in artificial asphalt machine. Letter rho ) = density ( units are mass/volume ) formulas represent idealized fuels of... Including some relevant properties, can be found there nu ) = kinematic viscosity ( units are mass/volume ) temperature! Chemical, physical and thermal properties of gasoline produced at refineries or imported into the U.S custom comparing... Consequently, no two batches of gasoline are ever exactly alike ) = density ( units are mass/volume.... Produces a quick increase of temperature on the surface of the petrochemical date. Properties of gasoline from 1999 – 2019 artificial asphalt, machine oil and lubricants mixture of substances! Ratio of mass to volume a quick increase of temperature on the surface the... The SI ( metric ) unit for mass is the ratio of to! Is an abbreviation for `` Reid vapor pressure, '' a common measure of and generic term for volatility! Is a mixture of hydrocarbon substances of various formulas and widely-varying formula weights ( lbm/ft3.. Figure 1 – premium to regular retail price differential of the petrochemical industry date back to the 1850s English units. Fuel types, including some relevant properties, can be found there discussed! Properties are subject to specification limits, the composition is not '' a common measure and! Beginnings of the fuel oil classes discussed in this Profile are refined from petroleum! = density ( units are length squared/time ) petroleum and may be properties...